Zillow has unveiled its forecast for 2018’s hottest housing markets, with San Jose, Calif., topping its list, followed by Raleigh, N.C., and Seattle.

To identify 2018’s hottest housing markets, Zillow looked for places with quickly rising home values and rental prices, low unemployment rates, steady income growth and strong job opportunities with lots of people moving to the area.

Austin, Texas, has the strongest population growth on the top 10 list, at 2.8 percent. Seattle has the highest forecasted rental appreciation, with rents in the metro expected to climb another 3.5 percent over the next 12 months.

Rapid home value growth and a high number of job openings per person are the driving forces behind San Jose’s position at the top of Zillow’s list.

The San Jose housing market has been booming for several years, mainly due to people moving to the area for high-paying jobs.

Zillow’s analysis highlights just how strong the San Jose market really is. While San Francisco home values have recently started to cool, San Jose is off to the races, with home values projected to rise 9 percent in 2018. The median home value in San Jose is over $1 million, and the median rental price is $3,514 per month. Over the past five years, San Jose home values have appreciated 78 percent.

Although Zillow’s list is largely made up of established tech towns, two increasingly hot North Carolina markets also made the top 10 ranking. Income and population growth in Charlotte and Raleigh are among the strongest of all markets on the list. Raleigh anchors North Carolina’s “Research Triangle” and saw a 9 percent increase in income growth last year. In Charlotte, a fast-growing banking center, incomes rose about 9.5 percent over the past year.

Zillow’s forecasted Top 10 housing markets for 2018 include San Jose; Raleigh; Seattle; Charlotte, N.C.; San Francisco; Austin, Texas; Denver; Nashville, Tenn.; Portland, Ore.; and Dallas.

Downtown View of San Jose, CA

“This list shows that just because a market is smaller or more affordable doesn’t mean it isn’t dynamic,” said Zillow senior economist Aaron Terrazas. “Growing cities in the Sun Belt, places like Raleigh, Charlotte and Nashville, offer plenty of opportunities healthcare and finance, while providing a less-expensive, but still-convenient, alternative to the larger and pricier markets in the Northeast. The tech industry continues to roar, attracting thousands of new residents per year to tech-dominant markets like Seattle, Denver and the Bay Area. The higher cost of living in these areas is offset to a large degree by well-paying tech jobs.”

In nine out of the 10 markets on Zillow’s list, home values are expected to rise at a faster pace than the nation overall, with the exception of Denver. Nationally, Zillow expects home values to appreciate 3.2 percent over the next year.

Zillow used six variables to determine the hot market predictions: Zillow’s Home Value and Rent Forecast, which forecasts the change in the Zillow Home Value Index and Zillow Rent Index over the next 12 months, recent income and population growth, current unemployment rates, the number of job openings per person using data from Glassdoor.

Those six variables were then scaled for the 50 largest U.S. metros and combined to form a “hotness score,” producing the Top 10 list.