- April’s drop of -16.4% in retail spending nearly doubles the drop of -8.3% in March, according to US Commerce Department
- National Retail Federation (NRF)) flagged continued slowdown in merchandise imports arriving at US ports
April’s record drop of -16.4% in retail spending added to March’s drop of -8.3% in retail spending underline the impact that escalating unemployment figures have on the economy as a whole. No income translates into no spending.
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Just as layoffs and reduced hours have spread across all job categories, lapsed spending spreads across all retail sectors from food and drink to cars to furniture to gasoline. The only category of retail spending that grew in April was online retailers.
Here is a list comparing retail spending in April to retail spending in February by categories affected by COVID-19 and lockdowns:
- -89% Clothing Stores
- -67% Furniture Stores
- -65% Electronics and Appliance Stores
- -50% Food Services and Bars
- -49% Sporting Goods, Hobby, Musical Instrument & Book Stores
- – 45% Department Stores
- – 41% Gasoline Stations
- – -35% Miscellaneous Stores
- – -35% Cars and Parts Dealers
- -23% Total Retail and Food Services
- -15% General Merchandise Stores
- – 11% Health and Personal Care Stores
- -4% Building Materials & Garden Supply Dealers
- + 10% Food and Beverage Stores
- +14% Online (non-store) Retailers
Two glaring take-aways from this comparison list of spending in February and that in April are the drops in spending for groceries and clothing. Shoppers are still buying more in grocery stores than they have in the past…they’re simply not hoarding and panic buying as they were. Clothing sales, on the other hand, were battered in April. In a recent survey by CommerceNext, 25% of apparel respondents are questioning their survival at worst and their longevity at best.
Unemployment hit 14.7% or 36.5M people in the second week of May, the eighth week of the COVID-19 pandemic, and this rate of unemployment is expected to climb even higher. Even people who still have jobs are reluctant to spend in the wake of such uncertainty and instability. Who knows, those currently employed people may be filling out unemployment benefit claims next week or the week after that?
Jack Kleinhenz, chief economist with the National Retail Federation, said, “Anxiety and fear are very strong emotions and consumer behavior may take time to adjust…” to this pandemic-economy. But, said Kleinhenz, “…shopping is more than a transaction. It is a social activity that is part of the fabric of American life.”
Thanks to National Public Radio and The New York Times.